Posted: 09/04/2017
Read and comment on the workshop report here belowWorkshop report :Given the exponential acceleration of technical progress, it is difficult to anticipate upcoming disruptions. However, should this rate continue to increase, a real upheaval in the world can be expected impacting quality of life, social and international relations.Key InsightsUnprecedented technological innovation and change unlocking possibilities for sustainable development Cyber security is the priority Overreliance on systems will likely generate major vulnerabilities It is likely to expect an emergence of alternative and innovative ways intechnology development and industrial production, which will likely increase the mismatch of legacy defense procurement processes.While the accelerating pace of science and technology-based innovation unlocks much needed possibilities for sustainable development, it also makes it difficultto identify the game-changing technologies that will impact security. Furthermore, the increasing affordability of dual use technologies (civil and military) lends significantly damaging power to any ill-intentioned non-state actor, while the slow and over-expensive defense technology exploitation and procurement processes struggle with keeping pace with progress.Autonomous Systems The advances in Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems have significant impact on societies. More policies and regulations will be packaged in computerized systems so computers can administer them. Machines will carry out more cognitive task while humans take on the responsibility of making sure that the policies are appropriate for mankind. Efficiency will be reached through the optimization of the human-machine synergy. While failing to give to the human the most important role in a system will generate inefficiencies and weaknesses. Socially this will mean that there will be a need for major reform, as machines will be doing many of the tasks that have been performed by humans. It is eventually questionable whether this could lead to a new model of society, which includes more leisure time, more education and a new economics. In the other hand, one can ask the question of the control of the technologies and may bring to the return of the power of states that may want to regulate the technological domain. Cyber security The cyberspace is now thefifth battle space or domain on the agenda of security experts. Cyber attacks will increasingly affect governments, businesses and individuals, demonstrating not only the connection vulnerabilities, but also their relative ease of implementation and the great difficulty to identify and punish the perpetrators. In a fast growing interconnectedness, the need for cyber security will become a crucial issue for the functioning of states, organizations and businesses. The field of cyber security has not yet been codified into legal terms while it will clearly represent a major threat to institutions, businesses and individuals. The importance of the cyber environment is likely to increase exponentially. It will continue to be both an opportunity and a threat to be addressed in priority. NATO and Technology When it comes to technology, it's not just the individual breakthroughs and capabilities that matter. One of the key things that NATO should be mindful of is creating the tools and business processes that will allow NATO and its members to adapt to the rapidly changing technology landscape. The proliferation of technologies fueled by the commercial marketplace will continue to produce military-relevant systems like UAVs, micro-satellites, advanced computation and sensing capabilities at faster and faster rates. NATO will have an important role to play in helping its members identify and capitalize on commercial technology opportunities ahead of the threat.The opinions expressed in this forum don't constitute NATO or any other organization points of view.